What is AD/HD? AD/HD, ADHD, or ADD, all different names for the same syndrome, is a family of chronic neurobiological disorders that affect our capacity to attend to tasks (inattention), inhibit behavior (impulsivity), and regulate activity level (hyperactivity) in developmentally appropriate ways. These impairments are in what are called our executive functions, which also include our capacity for planning, sequencing, problem solving, initiation of action, and self-control. When our executive functions are impaired, our behavior can be affected in the following ways:

We have trouble staying focused on a task
We show great initiative, but poor follow-through
We have poor planning and timing skills
We are disorganized
We interrupt in conversations
We act without thinking
We have trouble sitting still

While any of us might have one or all of these troubles at some time in our lives, it is the intensity, duration, and pervasiveness of the symptoms that differentiate ADD as a disorder.

Today, we know that ADD first appears in childhood, frequently continues into adolescence, and often persists into adulthood. Current research suggests approximately 3 to 5 percent of school age children have ADD. Some studies suggest even more. We know that ADD exists worldwide and that it has a strong genetic component. We know that other conditions are often present with ADD, conditions such as depression, anxiety, and learning disabilities.


Lifespan Development Center Child and Adult Services
Roland N. Rotz, Ph.D.

(805) 566-0441

957 Maple Avenue
Carpinteria, CA 93013
email: DocRotz@DocRotz.com